Research at ESSC Course Description Student Handbook ATS Homepage Class Schedule Degree Requirements Faculty and Staff Admission Forms Graduate Admissions Seminars Students Research at ESSC Course Description Student Handbook ATS Homepage Class Schedule Degree Requirements Faculty and Staff Admission Forms Graduate Admissions Seminars Students


Allen, S., 1981: Australian low-level jet climatology. Meteorological Note 119, Department of Science and Technology, Australian Bureau of Meteorology, 23 pp.

Avissar R. and Y. Liu, 1996: Three-dimensional numerical study of shallow convective clouds and precipitation induced by land surface forcing. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 7499-7518.

Avissar, R. and T. Schmidt, 1998: An evaluation of scale at which ground-surface heat flux patchiness affects the convective boundary layer using large-eddy simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 2666-2689.

Bastable H. G., W. J. Shuttleworth, R. L. G. Dallarosa, G. Fisch and C. A. Nobre, 1993: Observations of climate, albedo and surface radiation over cleared and undisturbed Amazonian forest. Int. J. of Clim., 13, 783-796.

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Gillies, R.R., T. N. Carlson., J. Cui, W. P. Kustas, and K. S. Humes, 1997: A verification of the 'triangle' method for obtaining surface soil water content and energy fluxes from remote measurements of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and surface radiant temperature, Int. J. of Remote Sens., 18, 3145-3166.

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Laing, A. G. and J. M. Fritsch, 2000: The large-scale environments of the global populations of mesoscale convective complexes. Monthly Weather Review, 128, 2756–2776.

Lawton, R. O., U. S. Nair, R. A. Pielke, R. M. Welch, 2001: Climatic impact of tropical lowland deforestation on nearby montane cloud forests. Science, 294, 584-587.

Lyons T. J., P. Schwerdtfeger, J. M. Hacker, I. J. Foster, R. C. G. Smith, and H. Xinmei, Land-atmosphere interaction in a semiarid region, 1993: The bunny fence experiment, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 74, 1327-1334.

Lyons T. J., R. C. G. Smith, and H.. Xinmei, 1996: The Impact of Clearing for Agriculture on the Surface Energy Budget. Int. J. Clim., 16, 551-558.

Lyons, T.J., L.Fuqin, J.M. Hacker, W. Cheng and H. Xinmei, 2001: Regional turbulent statistics over contrasting natural surfaces. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys, 78, 183-194.
Lyons, T. J., 2002: Clouds prefer native vegetation. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 80, 131-140.

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Meyers, M. P., R. L. Walko, J. Y. Harrington, W. R. Cotton, 1997: New RAMS cloud microphysics parameterization. Part II: The two-moment scheme. Atmos. Res., 45, 3-39.

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Ookouchi, Y., M. Segal, R. C. Kessler, and R. A. Pielke, 1984: Evaluation of soil moisture effects on generation and modification of mesoscale circulations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 2281-2292.


Otterman J., A. Manes, S. Rubin, P. Alpert and D. O’C. Starr, 1990: An increase of early rains in southern Israel following land-use change?. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 53, 333-351.
Paegle, J., K. C. Mo, J. N. Paegle, 1996: Dependence of simulated precipitation on surface evaporation during the 1993 United States summer floods. Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 345–361.

Pielke, R. A., W. R. Cotton, R. L. Walko, C. J. Tremback, W. A. Lyons, L. D. Grasso, M. E. Nicholls, M. D. Moran, D. A. Wesley, T. J. Lee, and J. H. Copeland, 1992: A comprehensive meteorological model system. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 49, 69-91.

Pielke, R.A, Sr.., 2002: Mesoscale meteorological modeling. 2nd Edition, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 676 pp.

Pielke R. A. Sr., R. L. Walko, L. T. Steyaert, P. L. Vidale, G. E. Liston, W. A. Lyons and T. N. Chase, 1998: The influence of anthropogenic landscape changes on weather in South Florida. Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, 1663-1673.

Pielke R. A. Sr., Influence of the spatial distribution of vegetation and soils on the prediction of cumulus convective rainfall, Rev. Geophys., 39, 151-178, 2001.

Piexoto, J. P., and A. H. Oort, 1992: Physics of Climate. American Institute of Physics, 520 pp.

Rabin, R. M., S. Stadler, P. J. Wetzel, D. J. Stensrud, and M. Gregory, Observed effect of landscape variability on convective clouds, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 272-280, 1990.

Rabin, R. M. and D. W. Martin, Satellite observations of shallow cumulus coverage over the central United States: An exploration of landuse impact on cloud cover, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 7149-7155, 1996.

Ray D. K., U. S. Nair, R. M. Welch, Q. Han, J. Zeng, W. Su, T. Kikuchi and T. J. Lyons, 2003: Effects of land use in Southwest Australia. 1: Observations of cumulus cloudiness and energy fluxes, In press, J. Geophys. Res.

Schwartz M. D. and T. R. Karl, 1990: Spring Phenology: Nature’s experiment to detect the effect of “green-up” on surface maximum temperatures. Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 883-890.

Segal, M., R. Avissar, M. C. McCumber, and R. A. Pielke, 1988: Evaluation of vegetation effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations, J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 2268-2292.


Segal, M., R. W. Arrit, J. Shen, C. Anderson, and M. Leuthold, On the clearing of cumulus clouds downwind from the lakes, Mon. Wea Rev., 125, 639-646, 1997.

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Tremback, C. J., 1990: Numerical simulation of a mesoscale convective complex: Model development and numerical results. Ph.D. dissertation, Atmos. Sci. Paper No. 465, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmos. Science, Fort Collins, Co 8523.

Walko, R.L., W.R. Cotton, M.P. Meyers, and J.Y. Harrington, 1995: New RAMS cloud microphysics parameterization. Part I: the single-moment scheme. Atmos. Res., 38, 29-62.

Weaver, C. P., R. Avissar, 2001: Atmospheric disturbances caused by human modification of the landscape. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 269–282.

Wetzel P. J., S. Argentini, and A. Boone, Role of land surface in controlling daytime cloud amount: Two case studies in GCIP-SW area,  J. Geophys. Res., 101, 7359-7370, 1996.

Wu, Y. and S.  Raman, 1997: Effect of land-use pattern on the development of low-level jets. J. Appl. Meteor., 36, 573–590.

Zhong, S., and J. C. Doran, 1997: A study of the effects of spatially varying fluxes on cloud formation and boundary layer properties using data from the Southern Great Plains cloud and Radiation Testbed. J. Climate, 10, 327-341.

Zhong, S., J. C. Doran, 1998: An Evaluation of the importance of surface flux variability on GCM-Scale boundary-layer characteristics using realistic meteorological and surface forcing. Journal of Climate, 11, 2774–2788.


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