SPORT research - Asian Dust

Indirect effects

Wiacek, A., Peter, T., and Lohmann, U.: The potential influence of Asian and African mineral dust on ice, mixed-phase and liquid water clouds, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 8649-8667, doi:10.5194/acp-10-8649-2010, 2010 (pdf file).

Sassen, K., Indirect climate forcing over the western US from Asian dust storms, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(10), doi:10.1029/2001GL014051, 2002 (pdf file).

Vertical Structure/Transport and CALIPSO

Su, L. and Toon, O. B.: Saharan and Asian dust: similarities and differences determined by CALIPSO, AERONET, and a coupled climate-aerosol microphysical model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3263-3280, doi:10.5194/acp-11-3263-2011, 2011 (pdf file).

Yu, H., M. Chin, D. M. Winker, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, C. Kittaka, and T. Diehl (2010), Global view of aerosol vertical distributions from CALIPSO lidar measurements and GOCART simulations: Regional and seasonal variations, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00H30, doi:10.1029/2009JD013364 (pdf file).

Kim, S.-W., Yoon, S.-C., Kim, J., Kang, J.-Y., and Sugimoto, N.: Asian dust event observed in Seoul, Korea, during 29.31 May 2008: Analysis of transport and vertical distribution of dust particles from lidar and surface measurements, Sci. Total Environ., 408, 1707-1718, 2010 (pdf file).

Eguchi, K., Uno, I., Yumimoto, K., Takemura, T., Shimizu, A., Sugimoto, N., and Liu, Z.: Trans-pacific dust transport: integrated analysis of NASA/CALIPSO and a global aerosol transport model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3137-3145, doi:10.5194/acp-9-3137-2009, 2009 (pdf file).

Uno, I., K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto (2009), Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe, Nat. Geosci., 2, 557-560 (pdf file).

Liu, D., et al. (2008), A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D16214, doi:10.1029/2007JD009776 (pdf file).

Liu, Z., Liu, D., Huang, J., Vaughan, M., Uno, I., Sugimoto, N., Kittaka, C., Trepte, C., Wang, Z., Hostetler, C., and Winker, D.: Airborne dust distributions over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 5045-5060, doi:10.5194/acp-8-5045-2008, 2008 (pdf file).

Uno, I., K. Yumimoto, A. Shimizu, Y. Hara, N. Sugimoto, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, and D. M. Winker (2008), 3D structure of Asian dust transport revealed by CALIPSO lidar and a 4DVAR dust model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L06803, doi:10.1029/2007GL032329 (pdf file).

Huang, J., P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers (2008), Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D23212, doi:10.1029/2008JD010620 (pdf file).

Huang, J., P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker (2007), Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18805, doi:10.1029/ 2007GL029938 (pdf file).

Atmospheric Composition and Stucture

Jung, J., Kim, Y. J., Lee, K. Y., -Cayetano, M. G., Batmunkh, T., Koo, J.-H., and Kim, J.: Spectral optical properties of long-range transport Asian dust and pollution aerosols over Northeast Asia in 2007 and 2008, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 5391-5408, doi:10.5194/acp-10-5391-2010, 2010 (pdf file).

Shimizu, A., N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki (2004), Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidars in China and Japan during ACE-Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D19S17, doi:10.1029/2002JD003253 (pdf file).

Huebert, B. J., T. Bates, P. B. Russell, G. Shi, Y. J. Kim, K. Kawamura, G. Carmichael, and T. Nakajima (2003), An overview of ACE-Asia: Strategies for quantifying the relationships between Asian aerosols and their climatic impacts, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 8633, doi:10.1029/2003JD003550, D23 (pdf file).

Murayama, T., et al. (2001), Ground-based network observation of Asian dust events of April 1998 in east Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D16), 18345-18359, doi:10.1029/2000JD900554 (pdf file).

Atmospheric Transport

Chin, M., T. Diehl, P. Ginoux, and W. Malm (2007), Intercontinental transport of pollution and dust aerosols: Implications for regional air quality, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7(21), 5501-5517 (pdf file).

McKendry, I. G., K. B. Strawbridge, N. T. O.Neill, A. M. Macdonald, P. S. K. Liu, W. R. Leaitch, K. G. Anlauf, L. Jaegle, T. D. Fairlie, and D. L. Westphal (2007), Trans-Pacific transport of Saharan dust to western North America: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D01103, doi:10.1029/2006JD007129 (pdf file).

Fairlie, T. D., D. J. Jacob, and R. J. Park (2007), The impact of transpacific transport of mineral dust in the United States, Atmos. Environ., 41, 1251-1266 (pdf file).

Zdanowicz, C., G. Hall, J. Vaive, Y. Amelin, J. Percival, I. Girard, P. Biscaye, and A. Bory (2006), Asian dustfall in the St. Elias Mountains, Yukon, Canada, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 70, 3493-3507 (pdf file).

Jaffe, D., J. Snow, and O. Cooper (2003), The 2001 Asian dust events: Transport and impact on surface aerosol concentrations in the U.S., Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), 501.507, doi:10.1029/2003EO460001 (pdf file).

Aerosol Climatology

Zhao, T. L., S. L. Gong, X. Y. Zhang, J. P. Blanchet, I. G. McKendry, and Z. J. Zhou (2006), A simulated climatology of Asian dust aerosol and its trans-Pacific transport. Part I: Mean climate and validation, J. Clim., 19(1), 88-103, doi:10.1175/JCLI3605.1 (pdf file).

Gong, S. L., X. Y. Zhang, T. L. Zhao, X. B. Zhang, L. A. Barrie, I. G. McKendry, and C. S. Zhao (2006), A simulated climatology of Asian dust aerosol and its trans-Pacific transport. Part II: Interannual variability and climate connections, J. Clim., 19(1), 104-122, doi:10.1175/JCLI3606.1 (pdf file).

Asian Dust Sources

Zhang, X. Y., S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, Sources of Asian dust and role of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(24), 2272, doi:10.1029/2003GL018206, 2003 (pdf file).

Aerosol Radiative Forcing Papers and Vertical Distribution

Meloni, D., A. di Sarra, T. Di Iorio, and G. Fiocco (2005), Influence of the vertical profile of Saharan dust on the visible direct radiative forcing, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 93(4), 397-413, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.08.035 (pdf file).

IPCC documents

Denman, K.L., G. Brasseur, A. Chidthaisong, P. Ciais, P.M. Cox, R.E. Dickinson, D. Hauglustaine, C. Heinze, E. Holland, D. Jacob, U. Lohmann, S Ramachandran, P.L. da Silva Dias, S.C. Wofsy and X. Zhang, 2007: Couplings Between Changes in the Climate System and Biogeochemistry. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M.Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA (pdf file).

Forster, P., V. Ramaswamy, P. Artaxo, T. Berntsen, R. Betts, D.W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D.C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulz and R. Van Dorland, 2007: Changes in Atmospheric Constituents and in Radiative Forcing. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M.Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA (pdf file).

Volcanic Ash Remote Sensing

Francis, P. N., M. C. Cooke, and R. W. Saunders (2012), Retrieval of physical properties of volcanic ash using Meteosat: A case study from the 2010 Eyjafjallajöl eruption, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00U09, doi:10.1029/2011JD0167888 (pdf file).

Weber K., et al. (2012), Airborne in-situ investigations of the Eyjafjallajokull volcanic ash plume on iceland and over north-western Germany with light aircrafts and optical particle counters (2012) Atm. Env., 48 , 9-21, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.10.030 (pdf file).

Winker, D. M., Z. Liu, A. Omar, J. Tackett, and D. Fairlie (2012), CALIOP observations of the transport of ash from the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in April 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00U15, doi:10.1029/2011JD016499 (pdf file).

Millington, S. C., R. W. Saunders, P. N. Francis, and H. N. Webster (2012), Simulated volcanic ash imagery: A method to compare NAME ash concentration forecasts with SEVIRI imagery for the Eyjafjallajöl eruption in 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00U17, doi:10.1029/2011JD016770 (pdf file).

Christopher, S. A., N. Feng, A. Naeger, B. Johnson, and F. Marenco (2012), Satellite remote sensing analysis of the 2010 Eyjafjallajöl volcanic ash cloud over the North Sea during 4.18 May 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00U20, doi:10.1029/2011JD016850 (pdf file).

Newman, S. M., L. Clarisse, D. Hurtmans, F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Havemann, A. J. Baran, D. O.Sullivan, and J. Haywood (2012), A case study of observations of volcanic ash from the Eyjafjallajöl eruption: 2. Airborne and satellite radiative measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00U13, doi:10.1029/2011JD016780 (pdf file).

B. Johnson et al., In situ observa tions of volcanic ash clouds from the FAAM aircraft during the eruption of Eyjafjallajöl in 2010, submitted to J. Geophys. Res., 2011 (pdf file).

Marenco, F., B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts (2011), Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajöl volcanic ash plume, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00U05, doi:10.1029/2011JD016396 (pdf file).

Zhu L., Liu J., Liu C., et al., Satellite remote sensing of volcanic ash cloud in complicated meteorological conditions, Sci China Earth Sci, 2011, 54, 1789-1795, doi: 10.1007/s11430-011-4265-3 (pdf file).

Ansmann, A., et al. (2011), Ash and fine.mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET.AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajöl volcano in 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00U02, doi:10.1029/2010JD015567 (pdf file).

Ansmann, A., et al. (2010), The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L13810, doi:10.1029/2010GL043809 (pdf file).

Tesche M., et al. (2010), "Lidar observations of the Eyjafjallajokull volcanic ash plume at Leipzig, Germany", Proc. SPIE 7832, 78320L, doi:10.1117/12.868516 (pdf file).

Webley, P. W., et al. (2009), Near-real-time volcanic ash cloud detection: Experiences from the Alaska Volcano Observatory, J. of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 186, 79-90, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.02.010 (pdf file).

SEVIRI technical Papers

Hassini, A., et al. (2009), Active Fire Monitoring with Level 1.5 MSG Satellite Images, American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(1), 157-166 (pdf file).

de Wildt, M., G. Seiz, and A. Gruen (2007), Operational snow mapping using multitemporal Meteosat SEVIRI imagery, Rem. Sens. of Env., 109, 29-41, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2006.12.008 (pdf file).

Brindley, H. E., and A. Ignatvo (2006), Retrieval of mineral aerosol optical depth and size information from Meteosat Second Generation SEVIRI solar reflectance bands, Remote Sens. Environ., 102, 344-363 (pdf file).

Romanov, P., Tarpley, D. Monitoring snow cover over Europe with meteosat SEVIRI, in: Proceedings of the 2005 Eumetsat Meteorological satellite Conference P.46, pp. 282.287, 2005 (pdf file).

Le Gle´au, H., and M. Derrien (2003), SAFNWC/MSG SEVIRI cloud products, paper presented at 2003 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference, Eur. Org. for the Exploit. of Meteorol. Satell., Weimar, Germany (pdf file).

Schmetz, J., P. Pili, S. Tjemkes, D. Just, J. Kerkmann., S. Rota, and A. Ratier (2002), An Introduction to Meteosat Second Generation (MSG), B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83, 977-992 (pdf file).

Schmetz, J., P. Pili, S. Tjemkes, D. Just, J. Kerkmann., S. Rota, and A. Ratier (2002), SEVIRI Calibration, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83, ES52-ES53 (pdf file).

Ferrare/Langley Papers

McPherson, C. J., J. A. Reagan, J. Schafer, D. Giles, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, and C. Hostetler (2010), AERONET, airborne HSRL, and CALIPSO aerosol retrievals compared and combined: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00H21, doi:10.1029/2009JD012389 (pdf file).

Nowottnick, E., P. Colarco, R. Ferrare, G. Chen, S. Ismail, B. Anderson, and E. Browell (2010), Online simulations of mineral dust aerosol distributions: Comparisons to NAMMA observations and sensitivity to dust emission parameterization, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D03202, doi:10.1029/2009JD012692 (pdf file).

Burton , S. P., et al. (2010), Using airborne high spectral resolution lidar data to evaluate combined active plus passive retrievals of aerosol extinction profiles, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00H15, doi:10.1029/2009JD012130 (pdf file).

Berg, L. K., et al. (2009), Overview of the Cumulus Humilis Aerosol Processing Study, BAMS, 90, 1653-1667 (pdf file).

Ismail, S., et al. (2009), LASE Measurements of Water Vapor, Aerosol, and Cloud Disturbances in Saharan Air Layers and Tropical Disturbances, J. Atm. Sci., 67, 1026-1047 (pdf file).

Su, W., G. L. Schuster, N. G. Loeb, R. R. Rogers, R. A. Ferrare, C. A. Hostetler, J. W. Hair, and M. D. Obland (2008), Aerosol and cloud interaction observed from high spectral resolution lidar data, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D24202, doi:10.1029/2008JD010588 (pdf file).

Ferrare, R., et al. (2006), Evaluation of daytime measurements of aerosols and water vapor made by an operational Raman lidar over the Southern Great Plains, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05S08, doi:10.1029/2005JD005836 (pdf file).

Ferrare, R., G. Feingold, S. Ghan, J. Ogren, B. Schmid, S. E. Schwartz, and P. Sheridan (2006), Preface to special section: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program May 2003 Intensive Operations Period examining aerosol properties and radiative influences, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05S01, doi:10.1029/2005JD006908 (pdf file).

Technical CALIPSO papers

Sekiyama, T. T., Tanaka, T. Y., Shimizu, A., and Miyoshi, T.: Data assimilation of CALIPSO aerosol observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 39-49, doi:10.5194/acp-10-39-2010, 2010 (pdf file).

Wandinger, U., M. Tesche, P. Seifert, A. Ansmann, D. Mü and D. Althausen (2010), Size matters: Influence ofmultiple scattering on CALIPSO light extinction profiling in desert dust, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L10801, doi:10.1029/2010GL042815 (pdf file).

Winker, D. M., M. A. Vaughan, A. H. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young (2009), Overview of the CALIOP Algorithms, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., doi:10.1175/2009JTECHA1281.1, in press (pdf file).

Young, S.A., and M.A. Vaughan, 2009: The Retrieval of Profiles of Particulate Extinction from Cloud-Aerosol Lidar Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) Data: Algorithm Description. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 26, 1105-1119 (pdf file).

Omar, A.H., D.M. Winker, C. Kittaka, M.A. Vaughan, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, C.R. Trepte, R.R. Rogers, R.A. Ferrare, K.P. Lee, R.E. Kuehn, and C.A. Hostetler, 2009: The CALIPSO Automated Aerosol Classification and Lidar Ratio Selection Algorithm. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 26, 1994-2014 (pdf file).

Winker, D. M., J. R. Pelon, and M. P. McCormick (2003), The CALIPSO mission: Spaceborne lidar for observation of aerosols and clouds, Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 4893, 1-11 (pdf file).

CALIPSO/Cloudsat related papers

Varnai, T., and A. Marshak (2011), Global CALIPSO Observations of Aerosol Changes Near Clouds, IEEE, 8, 1, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2010.2049982 (pdf file).

Omar, A., et al. (2010), Extinction-to-backscatter ratios of Saharan dust layers derived from in situ measurements and CALIPSO overflights during NAMMA, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D24217, doi:10.1029/2010JD014223 (pdf file).

Yorks, J. E., M. McGill, S. Rodier, M. Vaughan, Y. Hu, and D. Hlavka (2009), Radiative effects of African dust and smoke observed from Clouds and the Earth.s Radiant Energy System (CERES) and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D00H04, doi:10.1029/2009JD012000 (pdf file).

Vuolo, M. R., H. Chepfer, L. Menut, and G. Cesana (2009), Comparison of mineral dust layers vertical structures modeled with CHIMERE-DUST and observed with the CALIOP lidar, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D09214, doi:10.1029/2008JD011219 (pdf file).

Mace, G. G., et al. (2009), A description of hydrometer layer occurrence statistics derived from the first year of merged Cloudsat and CALIPSO data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D00A26, doi:10.1029/2007JD009755 (pdf file).

Hara, Y., et al. (2009), Asian dust outflow in the PBL and free atmosphere retrieved by NASA CALIPSO and an assimilated dust transport model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 1227-1239 (pdf file).

Holz, R. E., S. A. Ackerman, F. W. Nagle, R. Frey, S. Dutcher, R. E. Kuehn, M. A. Vaughan, and B. Baum (2008), Global Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud detection and height evaluation using CALIOP, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00A19, doi:10.1029/2008JD009837 (pdf file).

Joseph, J. H., et al. (2008), Determination of most probable height of desert dust aerosol layer from space, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D20S93, doi:10.1029/2007JD009646 (pdf file).

Cho, H., et al. (2008), Depolarization ratio and attenuated backscatter for nine cloud types: analyses based on collocated CALIPSO lidar and MODIS measurements, Optics Express, 16, 3931-3948 (pdf file).

Generoso, S., I. Bey, M. Labonne, and F.-M. Bré (2008), Aerosol vertical distribution in dust outflow over the Atlantic: Comparisons between GEOS-Chem and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), J. Geophys. Res., 113, D24209, doi:10.1029/2008JD010154 (pdf file).

Marchand, R., G. G. Mace, T. Ackerman, and G. Stephens (2008), Hydrometer Detection Using Cloudsat - An Earth-Orbiting 94-GHz Cloud Radar, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 25, 519-533, doi:10.1029/2007JD009776 (pdf file).

Hu, Y., et al. (2007), The depolarization-attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory, Optics Express, 15, 5327-5332 (pdf file).

McGill, M. J., et al. (2007), Airborne validation of spatial properties measured by the CALIPSO lidar, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D20201, doi:10.1029/2007JD008768 (pdf file).

Liu, Z., et al. (2004), Use of probability distribution functions for discriminating between cloud and aerosol in lidar backscatter data, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D15202, doi:10.1029/2004JD004732 (pdf file).

Vaughan, M., et al. (2004), Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products, Lasar Radar Techniques for Atmospheric Sensing, 5575, 16-30 (pdf file).

Sugimoto, N., et al. (2002), Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(19), 1901, doi:10.1029/2002GL015112 (pdf file).

Rose, F. G., and T. P. Charlock (2002), New Fu-Liou Code Tested with ARM Raman Lidar and CERES in pre-CALIPSO Exercise. Extended abstract for 11th Conference on Atmospheric Radiation (AMS), 3-7 June 2002 in Ogden, Utah (pdf file).

MISR retrieval algorithms

Kahn, R. A., B. J. Gaitley, M. J. Garay, D. J. Diner, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, and B. N. Holben (2010), Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer global aerosol product assessment by comparison with the Aerosol Robotic Network, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D23209, doi:10.1029/2010JD014601 (pdf file).

Martonchik, J. V., R. A. Kahn, and D. J. Diner (2009), Retrieval of aerosol properties over land using MISR observations, in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing Over Land, edited by A. Kokhanovsky, Springer, Berlin (pdf file).

Kahn, R., Nelson, D., Garay, M., Levy, R., Bull, M., Diner, D.,et al., MISR Aerosol Product Attributes and Statistical Comparisons With MODIS, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote, 47 (12, Part 2), 4095-4114, 2009 (pdf file).

Chen, W.-T., R. A. Kahn, D. Nelson, K. Yau, and J. H. Seinfeld (2008), Sensitivity of multiangle imaging to the optical and microphysical properties of biomass burning aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D10203, doi:10.1029/2007JD009414 (pdf file).

Kalashnikova, O. V., and R. A. Kahn (2008), Mineral dust plume evolution over the Atlantic from MISR and MODIS aerosol retrievals, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D24204, doi:10.1029/2008JD010083 (pdf file).

Aerosol Optical Properties

Dey, S., and L. Di Girolamo (2010), A climatology of aerosol optical and microphysical properties over the Indian subcontinent from 9 years (2000-2008) of Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) data, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D15204, doi:10.1029/2009JD013395 (pdf file).

Dubovik, Oleg, Brent Holben, Thomas F. Eck, Alexander Smirnov, Yoram J. Kaufman, Michael D. King, Didier TanréIlya Slutsker, 2002: Variability of Absorption and Optical Properties of Key Aerosol Types Observed in Worldwide Locations. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 590.608. doi:<0590:VOAAOP>2.0.CO;2 (pdf file).

Tegen, I., and A. A. Lacis (1996), Modeling of particle size distribution and its influence on the radiative properties of mineral dust aerosol, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D14), 19,237.19,244, doi:10.1029/95JD03610 (pdf file).

Aerosol signatures & detection

Huang, J., C. Zhang, and J. M. Prospero (2010), African dust outbreaks: A satellite perspective of temporal and spatial variability over the tropical Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D05202, doi:10.1029/2009JD012516 (pdf file).

Thomas,M., and C.Gautier (2009), Investigations of theMarch 2006 African dust storm using ground-based column-integrated high spectral resolution infrared (8.13 mm) and visible aerosol optical thickness measurements: 2. Mineral aerosol mixture analyses, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D14209, doi:10.1029/2008JD010931 (pdf file).

Baddock, M. C., J. E. Bullard, and R. G. Bryant (2009), Dust Source Identification using MODIS: A comparison of techniques applied to the Lake Eyre Basin, Australia, Remote Sens. Environ., 113, 1511-1528 (pdf file).

Kluser, L., and K. Schepanski (2009), Remote sensing of mineral dust over land with MSG infrared channels: A new Bitemporal Mineral Dust Index, Remote Sens. Environ., 113, 1853-1867 (pdf file).

Satheesh, S. K., et al. (2009), Improved assessment of aerosol absorption using OMI-MODIS joint retrieval, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D05209, doi:10.1029/2008JD011024 (pdf file).

Darmenov, A., and I. N. Sokolik (2009), Spatial variability of satellite visible radiances in dust and dust-cloud mixed conditions: Implications for dust detection, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L14811, doi:10.1029/2009GL038383 (pdf file).

Christopher, S. A., B. Johnson, T. A. Jones, and J. Haywood (2009), and I. N. Sokolik (2009), Vertical and spatial distribution of dust from aircraft and satellite measurements during the GERBILS field campaign, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L06806, doi:10.1029/2008GL037033 (pdf file).

Bennouna, Y. S., et al. (Reviewed Paper), Aerosol remote sensing over the ocean using MSG-SEVIRI visible images, J. Geophys. Res. (pdf file).

Christopher, S. A., P. Gupta, J. Haywood, and G. Greed (2008), Aerosol optical thicknesses over North Africa: 1. Development of a product for model validation using Ozone Monitoring Instrument, Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer, and Aerosol Robotic Network, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C04, doi:10.1029/2007JD009446 (pdf file).

Hu, X. Q., N. M. Lu, T. Niu, and P. Zhang (2008), Operational retrieval of Asian sand and dust storm from FY-2C geostationary meteorological satellite and its application to real time forecast in Asia, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 1649-1659 (pdf file).

Roberts, G. J., and M. J. Wooster (2008), Fire Detection and Fire Characterization Over Africa Using Meteosat SEVIRI, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46(4), 1200-1218 (pdf file).

Roebeling, R. A., S. Placidi, D. P. Donovan, H. W. J. Russchenberg, and A. J. Feijt (2008), Validation of liquid cloud property retrievals from SEVIRI using ground-based observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L05814, doi:10.1029/2007GL032115 (pdf file).

Huang, J., J. Ge, and F. Weng (2007), Detection of Asia dust storms using multisensor satellite measurements, Remote Sens. Environ., 110, 186-191 (pdf file).

de Graaf, M., P. Stammes, and E. A. A. Aben (2007), Analysis of reflectance spectra of UV-absorbing aerosol scenes measured by SCIAMACHY, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D02206, doi:10.1029/2006JD007249 (pdf file).

Naud, C. M., et al. (2007), Comparison of MISR and MODIS cloud-top heights in the presence of cloud overlap, Remote Sens. Environ., 107, 200-210 (pdf file).

Li, J., et al. (2007), Quantitive Monitoring of a Saharan dust event with SEVIRI on Meteosat-8, Int. J. Rem. Sens., 28, 2181-2186 (pdf file).

Schepanski, K., et al. (2007), A new Saharan dust source activation frequency map derived from MSG-SEVIRI IR-channels, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18803, doi:10.1029/2007GL030168 (pdf file).

Popp, C., A. Hauser, N. Foppa, and S. Wunderle (2007), Remote sensing of aerosol optical depth over central Europe from MSG-SEVIRI data and accuracy assessment with ground-based AERONET measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D24S11, doi:10.1029/2007JD008423 (pdf file).

Qu, J. J., et al. (2006), Asian Dust Storm Monitoring Combining Terra and Aqua MODIS SRB Measurements, IEEE, 3, 4, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2006.877752 (pdf file).

de Graaf, M., P. Stammes, and I. Aben (2006), Temporal and spectral va riation of desert dust and biomass burning aerosol scenes from 1995-2000 using G OME, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 1321-1353 (pdf file).

de Graaf, M., and P. Stammes (2005), Global observations and spectral characteristics of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols, Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Aerosols, IEEE Workshop, 60-67, doi:10.1109/AERSOL.2005.1494150 (pdf file).

Torres, O., et al. (2005), Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer measurements of aerosol absorption from space: Comparison to SAFARI 2000 ground-based observations, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D10S18, doi:10.1029/2004JD004611 (pdf file).

Roskovensky, J. K., and K. N. Liou (2005), Differentiating airborne dust from cirrus clouds using MODIS data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L12809, doi:10.1029/2005GL022798 (pdf file).

Darmenov, A., and I. N. Sokolik (2005), Identifying the regional thermal-IR radiative signature of mineral dust with MODIS, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L16803, doi:10.1029/2005GL023092 (pdf file).

Sinyuk, A.,O. Torres, and O. Dubovik (2003), Combined use of satellite and surface observations to infer the imaginary part of refractive index of Saharan dust, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(2), 1081, doi:10.1029/2002GL016189 (pdf file).

Bergstrom, R. W., P. B. Russell, and P. Hignett (2002), Wavelength Dependence of the Absorption of Black Carbon Particles: Predictions and Results from the TARFOX Experiment and Implications for the Aerosol Single Scattering Albedo, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 567-577 (pdf file).

Legrand M., A. Plana-Fattori, and C. N'doume (2001), Satellite detection of dust using the IR imagery of Meteosat 1. Infrared difference dust index, J. Geophys. Res., 106, NO. D16, 18251-18274 (pdf file).

Aerosol Radiative Forcing Papers

Zuluaga, M. D., P. J. Webster, and C. D. Hoyos (2012), Variability of aerosols in the tropical Atlantic Ocean relative to African Easterly Waves and their relationship with atmospheric and oceanic environments, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D16207, doi:10.1029/2011JD017181 (pdf file).

Huang, J., et al. (2009), Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 4011-4021 (pdf file).

BIERWIRTH, EIKE, MANFRED WENDISCH, ANDRÉEHRLICH, BIRGIT HEESE, MATTHIAS TESCHE, DIETRICH ALTHAUSEN, ALEXANDER SCHLADITZ, DETLEF MÜLER, SEBASTIAN OTTO, and THOMAS TRAUTMANN (2009), Spectral surface albedo over Morocco and its impact on radiative forcing of Saharan dust, Tellus Ser B, 61(1), 252 (pdf file).

Xia, X., and X. Zong (2009), Shortwave versus longwave direct radiative forcing by Taklimakan dust aerosols, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L07803, doi:10.1029/2009GL037237 (pdf file).

Patadia, F., E.-S. Yang, and S. A. Christopher (2009), Does dust change the clear sky top of atmosphere shortwave flux over high surface reflectance regions?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L15825, doi:10.1029/2009GL039092 (pdf file).

McFarlane, S. A., E. I. Kassianov, J. Barnard, C. Flynn, and T. P. Ackerman (2009), Surface shortwave aerosol radiative forcing during the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Mobile Facility deployment in Niamey, Niger, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D00E06, doi:10.1029/2008JD010491 (pdf file).

Evan, A. T., A. K. Heidinger, R. Bennartz, V. Bennington, N. M. Mahowald, H. Corrada-Bravo, C. S. Velden, G. Myhre, and J. P. Kossin (2008), Ocean temperature forcing by aerosols across the Atlantic tropical cyclone development region, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9, Q05V04, doi:10.1029/2007GC001774 (pdf file).

Milton, S. F., G. Greed, M. E. Brooks, J. Haywood, B. Johnson, R. P. Allan, A. Slingo, and W. M. F. Grey (2008), Modeled and observed atmospheric radiation balance during the West African dry season: Role of mineral dust, biomass burning aerosol, and surface albedo, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C02, doi:10.1029/2007JD009741 (pdf file).

Seinfeld, J. (2008), Black carbon and brown clouds, Nature Geoscience, 1, 15-16 (pdf file).

Greed, G., J. M. Haywood, S. Milton, A. Keil, S. Christopher, P. Gupta, and E. J. Highwood (2008), Aerosol optical depths over North Africa: 2. Modeling and model validation, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C05, doi:10.1029/2007JD009457 (pdf file).

di Sarra, A., G. Pace, D. Meloni, L. De Silvestri, S. Piacentino, and F. Monteleone (2008), Surface shortwave radiative forcing of different aerosol types in the central Mediterranean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L02714, doi:10.1029/2007GL032395 (pdf file).

Brindley HE,Russell JE (2008) Assessing the Errors in Shortwave Radiative Fluxes Inferred from the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) Instrument in the Presence of Dust Aerosol. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 47(6): 1659 (pdf file).

Christopher, S.A.; Jones, T.A. (2008), Dust Radiative Effects Over Global Oceans, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE , vol.5, no.1, pp.74-77 (pdf file).

Helmert, J., B. Heinold, I. Tegen, O. Hellmuth, and M. Wendisch (2007), On the direct and semidirect effects of Saharan dust over Europe: A modeling study, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D13208, doi:10.1029/2006JD007444 (pdf file).

Zhu, A., V. Ramanathan, F. Li, and D. Kim (2007), Dust plumes over the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic oceans: Climatology and radiative impact, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D16208, doi:10.1029/2007JD008427 (pdf file).

Christopher, S. A., and T. Jones (2007), Satellite-based assessment of cloud-free net radiative effect of dust aerosols over the Atlantic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L02810, doi:10.1029/2006GL027783 (pdf file).

Slingo, A., et al. (2006), Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L24817, doi:10.1029/2006GL027869 (pdf file).

Wang, J., and S. A. Christopher (2006), Mesoscale modeling of Central American smoke transport to the United States: 2. Smoke radiative impact on regional surface energy budget and boundary layer evolution, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D14S92,doi:10.1029/2005JD006720 (pdf file).

Satheesh, S. K., et al. (2006), Impact of dust aerosols on Earth.atmosphere clear-sky albedo and its short wave radiative forcing over African and Arabian regions, Int. J. of Remote Sens., 27, 8, 1691-1706 (pdf file).

Zhang J (2005) Shortwave aerosol radiative forcing over cloud-free oceans from Terra: 2. Seasonal and global distributions. Journal of Geophysical Research 110(d10): D10S24(pdf file).

Derimian, Y., A. Karnieli, Y. J. Kaufman, M. O. Andreae, T. W. Andreae, O. Dubovik, W. Maenhaut, I. Koren, and B. N. Holben (2006), Dust and pollution aerosols over the Negev desert, Israel: Properties, transport, and radiative effect, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05205, doi:10.1029/2005JD006549 imate impacts, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D19), 8028, doi:10.1029/2000JD000032, 2002 (pdf file).

Haywood, J. M., R. P. Allan, I. Culverwell, T. Slingo, S. Milton, J. Edwards, and N. Clerbaux (2005), Can desert dust explain the outgoing longwave radiation anomaly over the Sahara during July 2003?, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D05105, doi:10.1029/2004JD005232 (pdf file).

Bellouin, N. (2005), Global estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing from satellite measurements, Nature 438, 1138-1141, doi:10.1038/nature04348 (pdf file).

Kaufman, Y. J., I. Koren, L. A. Remer, D. TanréP. Ginoux, and S. Fan (2005), Dust transport and deposition observed from the Terra-Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) spacecraft over the Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D10S12, doi:10.1029/2003JD004436 (pdf file).

Kim, S.-W., S.-C. Yoon, A. Jefferson, J.-G. Won, E. G. Dutton, J. A Ogren, and T. L. Anderson (2004), Observation of enhanced water vapor in Asian dust layer and its effect on atmospheric radiative heating rates, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L18113, doi:10.1029/2004GL020024 (pdf file).

Meloni, D., A. di Sarra, T. Di Iorio, and G. Fiocco (2004), Direct radiative forcing of Saharan dust in the Mediterranean from measurements at Lampedusa Island and MISR space-borne observations, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D08206, doi:10.1029/2003JD003960 (pdf file).

Myhre, G., T. K. Berntsen, J. M. Haywood, J. K. Sundet, B. N. Holben, M. Johnsrud, and F. Stordal, Modeling the solar radiative impact of aerosols from biomass burning during the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI-2000) experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D13), 8501, doi:10.1029/2002JD002313, 2003 (pdf file).

Markowicz KM, Flatau PJ, Vogelmann AM, Quinn PK,Welton EJ (2003) Clear-sky infrared aerosol radiative forcing at the surface and the top of the atmosphere. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129(594): 2927(pdf file).

Zhang, J., and S. A. Christopher (2003), Longwave radiative forcing of Saharan dust aerosols estimated from MODIS, MISR, and CERES observations on Terra, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(23), 2188, doi:10.1029/2003GL018479 (pdf file).

Kaufman, Y. J., D. Tanréand O. Boucher (2002), A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system. Nature, 419, 215-223 (pdf file).

Collins, W. D., P. J. Rasch, B. E. Eaton, D. W. Fillmore, J. T. Kiehl, C. T. Beck, and C. S. Zender, Simulation of aerosol distributions and radiative forcing for INDOEX: Regional climate impacts, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D19), 8028, doi:10.1029/2000JD000032, 2002 (pdf file).

Kaufman, Y. J., D. TanréO. Dubovik, A. Karnieli, and L. A. Remer (2001), Absorption of sunlight by dust as inferred from satellite and ground based remote sensing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(8), 1479.1482, doi:10.1029/2000GL012647 (pdf file).

Ramanathan, V., Crutzen, P. J., Kiehl, J. T., and Rosenfeld, D. (2001a), Aerosols, climate and the hydrological cycle, Science, 294, 2119-2124 (pdf file).

Hsu, N. C., J. R. Herman, and C. Weaver (2000), Determination of radiative forcing of Saharan dust using combined TOMS and ERBE data, J. Geophys. Res., 105(D16), 20,649.20,661, doi:10.1029/2000JD900150 (pdf file).

Dí, J. P., F. J. Expóo, C. J. Torres, F. Herrera, J. M. Prospero, and M. C. Romero (2001), Radiative properties of aerosols in Saharan dust outbreaks using ground-based and satellite data: Applications to radiative forcing, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D16), 18,403.18,416 (pdf file).

Liao, H., and J. H. Seinfeld (1998), Radiative forcing by mineral dust aerosols: sensitivity to key variables, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D24), 31,637.31,645, doi:10.1029/1998JD200036 (pdf file).

Ackerman, S.A., and H. Chung, 1992: Radiative Effects of Airborne Dust on Regional Energy Budgets at the Top of the Atmosphere. , 31, 223.233 (pdf file).

Specific Field Experiment Study Papers

Haywood, J. M., et al. (2011), Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 1106-1116, doi:10.1002/qj.797 (pdf file).

Kandler, K., et al. (2011), Ground-based off-line aerosol measurements at Praia, Cape Verde, during the Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment: microphysical properties and mineralogy, 63B, 459-474, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00546.x (pdf file).

Chen, G., Ziemba, L. D., Chu, D. A., Thornhill, K. L., Schuster, G. L., Winstead, E. L., Diskin, G. S., Ferrare, R. A., Burton, S. P., Ismail, S., Kooi, S. A., Omar, A. H., Slusher, D. L., Kleb, M. M., Reid, J. S., Twohy, C. H., Zhang, H., and Anderson, B. E.: Observations of Saharan dust microphysical and optical properties from the Eastern Atlantic during NAMMA airborne field campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 723-740, doi:10.5194/acp-11-723-2011, 2011 (pdf file).

Haywood JM, Johnson BT, Osborne SR, Mulcahy J, Brooks ME, Harrison MAJ, Milton SF, and Brindley HE (2011), Observations and modelling of the solar and terrestrial radiative effects of Saharan dust: a radiative closure case-study over oceans during the GERBILS campaign, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 1211-1226, DOI: 10.1002/qj.770 (pdf file).

Jenkins, G., et al. (2010), Coastal observations of weather features in Senegal during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Special Observing Period 3, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D18108, doi:10.1029/2009JD013022 (pdf file).

Hansell, R. A., and Coauthors, 2010: An Assessment of the Surface Longwave Direct Radiative Effect of Airborne Saharan Dust during the NAMMA Field Campaign. J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 1048.1065, doi: (pdf file).

McConnell, C. L., E. J. Highwood, H. Coe, P. Formenti, B. Anderson, S. Osborne, S. Nava, K. Desboeufs, G. Chen, and M. A. J. Harrison (2008), Seasonal variations of the physical and optical characteristics of Saharan dust: Results from the Dust Outflow and Deposition to the Ocean (DODO) experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D14S05, doi:10.1029/2007JD009606 (pdf file).

Sassen, K., P. J. DeMott, J. M. Prospero, and M. R. Poellot (2003), Saharan dust storms and indirect aerosol effects on clouds: CRYSTAL-FACE results, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(12), 1633, doi:10.1029/2003GL017371 (pdf file).

Haywood, J., P. Francis, S. Osborne, M. Glew, N. Loeb, E. Highwood, D. Tanre´, G. Myhre, P. Formenti, and E. Hirst, Radiative properties and direct raative effect of Saharan dust measured by the C-130 aircraft during SHADE: 1. Solar spectrum, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D18), 8577, doi:10.1029/2002JD002687, 2003 (pdf file).

Highwood, E. J., J. M. Haywood, M. D. Silverstone, S. M. Newman, and J. P. Taylor (2003), Radiative properties and direct effect of Saharan dust measured by the C-130 aircraft during Saharan Dust Experiment (SHADE): 2. Terrestrial spectrum, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D18), 8578, doi:10.1029/2002JD002552, (pdf file).

Ramanathan, V., et al. (2001), Indian Ocean Experiment: An integrated analysis of the climate forcing and effects of the great Indo-Asian haze, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 28,371.28,398, doi:10.1029/2001JD900133 (pdf file).

Aerosols and Regional/Synoptic Scale Impacts (e.g Circulations)

Fan, J., D. Rosenfeld, Y. Ding, L. R. Leung, and Z. Li (2012), Potential aerosol indirect effects on atmospheric circulation and radiative forcing through deep convection, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L09806, doi:10.1029/2012GL051851 (pdf file).

Jury, M. R., and M. J. Santiago (2010), Composite analysis of dust impacts on African easterly waves in the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer era, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16213, doi:10.1029/2009JD013612 (pdf file).

Martinez Avellaneda, N., N. Serra, D. Stammer, and P. J. Minnett (2010), Response of the eastern subtropical Atlantic SST to Saharan dust: A modeling and observational study, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C08015, doi:10.1029/2009JC005692 (pdf file).

Klose, M., Y. Shao, M. K. Karremann, and A. H. Fink (2010), Sahel dust zone and synoptic background, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L09802, doi:10.1029/2010GL042816 (pdf file).

Knippertz, P. and Fink, A. H. (2006), Synoptic and dynamic aspects of an extreme springtime Saharan dust outbreak. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 132: 1153.1177. doi: 10.1256/qj.05.109 (pdf file).

Tompkins, A.M., C. Cardinali, J.-J. Morcrette, and M. Rodwell (2005), Influence of aerosol climatology on forecasts of the African Easterly Jet, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L10801, doi:10.1029/2004GL022189 (pdf file).

Karyampudi, V. Mohan, Harold F. Pierce, 2002: Synoptic-Scale Influence of the Saharan Air Layer on Tropical Cyclogenesis over the Eastern Atlantic. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 3100.3128. doi:<3100:SSIOTS>2.0.CO;2 (pdf file).

Aerosol/Cloud interaction papers

Yin, Y., Q. Chen, L. Jin, B. Chen, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang (2012), The effects of deep convection on the concentration and size distribution of aerosol particles within the upper troposphere: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D22202, doi:10.1029/2012JD017827 (pdf file).

Tao, W.-K., J.-P. Chen, Z. Li, C. Wang, and C. Zhang (2012), Impact of aerosols on convective clouds and precipitation, Rev. Geophys., 50, RG2001, doi:10.1029/2011RG000369 (pdf file).

Chen, B., and Y. Yin (2011), Modeling the impact of aerosols on tropical overshooting thunderstorms and stratospheric water vapor, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D19203, doi:10.1029/2011JD015591 (pdf file).

Li, R., and Q.-L. Min (2010), Impacts of mineral dust on the vertical structure of precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D09203, doi:10.1029/2009JD011925 (pdf file).

Min, Q.-L., Li, R., Lin, B., Joseph, E., Wang, S., Hu, Y., Morris, V., and Chang, F.: Evidence of mineral dust altering cloud microphysics and precipitation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3223-3231, doi:10.5194/acp-9-3223-2009, 2009 (pdf file).

Su, J., J. Huang, Q. Fu, P. Minnis, J. Ge, and J. Bi (2008), Estimation of Asian dust aerosol effect on cloud radiation using Fu-Liou radiative model and CERES measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 2763. 2771 (pdf file).

Huang, J., P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers (2006), Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L06824, doi:10.1029/2005GL024724 (pdf file).

Khain, A., D. Rosenfeld, and A. Pokrovsky (2005), Aerosol impact on the dynamics and microphysics of deep convective clouds, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 131, 2639-2663 (pdf file).

Kaufman, Y. J., I. Koren, L. A. Remer, D. Rosenfeld, and Y. Rudich (2005), The effect of smoke, dust, and pollution aerosol on shallow cloud development over the Atlantic Ocean, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 102, 11,207.11,212, doi:10.1073/pnas.0505191102 (pdf file).

A. S. Ackerman, O. B. Toon, D. E. Stevens, A. J. Heymsfield, V. Ramanathan, and E. J. WeltonScience (2000), Reduction of Tropical Cloudiness by Soot, 288 (5468), 1042-1047, doi:10.1126/science.288.5468.1042 (pdf file).

Quijano, A. L., I. N. Sokolik, and O. B. Toon (2000), Radiative heating rates and direct radiative forcing by mineral dust in cloudy atmospheric conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 105(D10), 12,207.12,219, doi:10.1029/2000JD900047 (pdf file).

Liao, H., and J. H. Seinfeld (1998), Effect of clouds on direct aerosol radiative forcing of climate, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D4), 3781.3788, doi:10.1029/97JD03455 (pdf file).

Modeling Aerosols (distribution,climate effects,etc.)

Knippertz, P., and M. C. Todd (2012), Mineral dust aerosols over the Sahara: Meteorological controls on emission and transport and implications for modeling, Rev. Geophys., 50, RG1007, doi:10.1029/2011RG000362 (pdf file).

Drame, M., G. S. Jenkins, M. Camara, and M. Robjhon (2011), Observations and simulation of a Saharan air layer event with a midtropospheric dust layer at Dakar, Senegal, 6.7 July 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D21204, doi:10.1029/2011JD016368 (pdf file).

Evan, A. T., et al. (2011), Influence of African dust on ocean.atmosphere variability in the tropical Atlantic, Nat. Geo., 4, 762-765, doi: 10.1038/NGEO1276 (pdf file).

Karydis, V. A., P. Kumar, D. Barahona, I. N. Sokolik, and A. Nenes (2011), On the effect of dust particles on global cloud condensation nuclei and cloud droplet number, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D23204, doi:10.1029/2011JD016283 (pdf file).

Yue, X., H. Wang, H. Liao, and K. Fan (2010), Simulation of dust aerosol radiative feedback using the GMOD: 2. Dust-climate interactions, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D04201, doi:10.1029/2009JD012063 (pdf file).

Chen, S.-H., S.-H. Wang, and M. Waylonis (2010), Modification of Saharan air layer and environmental shear over the eastern Atlantic Ocean by dust-radiation effects, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D21202, doi:10.1029/2010JD014158 (pdf file).

Shell, K. M., and R. C. J. Somerville (2007), Direct radiative effect of mineral dust and volcanic aerosols in a simple aerosol climate model, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D03205, doi:10.1029/2006JD007197 (pdf file).

Shell, K. M., and R. C. J. Somerville (2007), Sensitivity of climate forcing and response to dust optical properties in an idealized model, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D03206, doi:10.1029/2006JD007198 (pdf file).

Ramanathan, V., et al. (2005), Atmospheric brown clouds: Impacts on South Asian climate and hydrological cycle, PNAS, 102, 15, 5326-5333 (pdf file).

Teruo, A., et al. (2005), Sensitivity Experiments of Direct Radiative Forcing Caused by Mineral Dust Simulated with a Chemical Transport Model, J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 83A, 315-331, (pdf file).

Miller, R. L., I. Tegen, and J. Perlwitz (2004), Surface radiative forcing by soil dust aerosols and the hydrologic cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D04203, doi:10.1029/2003JD004085 (pdf file).

Chung, C. E., V. Ramanatahn, and J. T. Kiehl (2002), Effects of the South Asian absorbing haze on the northeast monsoon and surface-air heat exchange, J. Clim., 15, 2462-2476 (pdf file).

Ginoux, P., M. Chin, I. Tegen, J. M. Prospero, B. Holben, O. Dubovik, and S.-J. Lin (2001), Sources and distributions of dust aerosols simulated with the GOCART model, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 20,255.20,273, doi:10.1029/2000JD000053 (pdf file).

Miller, R. L., I. Tegen, 1999: Radiative Forcing of a Tropical Direct Circulation by Soil Dust Aerosols. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 2403.2433. doi:<2403:RFOATD>2.0.CO;2 (pdf file).

Miller, R. L., I. Tegen, 1998: Climate Response to Soil Dust Aerosols. J. Climate, 11, 3247.3267, doi:<3247:CRTSDA>2.0.CO;2 (pdf file).

Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Ruedy (1997), Radiative forcing and climate response, J. Geophys. Res., 102(D6), 6831.6864, doi:10.1029/96JD03436 (pdf file).

WRF Papers

Khain, A., et al. (2010), Simulation of a landfalling hurricane using spectral bin microphysical model: effects of aerosols on hurricane intensity (the HAMP contribution), 29th Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Session 2C (pdf file).

Khain, A., B. Lynn, J. Dudhia, 2010: Aerosol Effects on Intensity of Landfalling Hurricanes as Seen from Simulations with the WRF Model with Spectral Bin Microphysics. J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 365.384. doi: (pdf file).

Sun, D., W.K.M. Lau, M. Kafatos, Z. Boybeyi, G. Leptoukh, C. Yang, and R. Yang, 2009: Numerical Simulations of the Impacts of the Saharan Air Layer on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Development. J. Climate, 22, 6230-6250 (pdf file).

Dodla, B., et al., A Comparison of HWRF, ARW and NMM Models in Hurricane Katrina (2005) Simulation, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 2447-2469; doi:10.3390/ijerph8062447 (pdf file).


Shrivastava, M., et al., Modeling aerosols and their interactions with shallow cumuli during the 2007 CHAPS field study, J. Geophys. Res., DOI: 10.1029/2012JD018218 (pdf file).

Alizadeh Choobari, O., P. Zawar-Reza, and A. Sturman (2012), Atmospheric forcing of the three-dimensional distribution of dust particles over Australia: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D11206, doi:10.1029/2012JD017748 (pdf file).

Forkel, R., et al. (2012), Effect of aerosol-radiation feedback on regional air quality - A case study with WRF-Chem, Atm. Env., 53, 202-211, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.10.009 (pdf file).

Zhao, Z., M. S. Pritchard, and L. M. Russell (2012), Effects on precipitation, clouds, and temperature from long-range transport of idealized aerosol plumes in WRF-Chem simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D05206, doi:10.1029/2011JD016744 (pdf file).

Schwartz, C. S., Z. Liu, H.-C. Lin, and S. A. McKeen (2012), Simultaneous three-dimensional variational assimilation of surface fine particulate matter and MODIS aerosol optical depth, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D13202, doi:10.1029/2011JD017383 (pdf file).

Wu, L., H. Su, and J. H. Jiang (2011), Regional simulations of deep convection and biomass burning over South America: 2. Biomass burning aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D17209, doi:10.1029/2011JD016106 (pdf file).

Wu, L., H. Su, and J. H. Jiang (2011), Regional simulations of deep convection and biomass burning over South America: 1. Model evaluations using multiple satellite data sets, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D17208, doi:10.1029/2011JD01610 (pdf file).

Lindeman, J. D., Z. Boybeyi, and I. Gultepe (2011), An examination of the aerosol effect for a polluted case of the ISDAC field campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00T10, doi:10.1029/2011JD015649 (pdf file).

Pere, J. C., M. Mallet, V. Pont, and B. Bessagnet (2011), Impact of aerosol direct radiative forcing on the radiative budget, surface heat fluxes, and atmospheric dynamics during the heat wave of summer 2003 over western Europe: A modeling study, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D23119, doi:10.1029/2011JD016240 (pdf file).

Zhang, H., Sokolik, I. N., and Curry, J. A.: Impact of dust aerosols on Hurricane Helene's early development through the deliquescent heterogeneous freezing mode, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 14339-14381, 2011, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-14339-2011 (pdf file).

Yang, Q., W. I. Gustafson Jr., Fast, J. D., Wang, H., Easter, R. C., Morrison, H., Lee, Y.-N., Chapman, E. G., Spak, S. N., and Mena-Carrasco, M. A.: Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 11951-11975, doi:10.5194/acp-11-11951-2011, 2011 (pdf file).

Saide, P. E., Spak, S. N., Carmichael, G. R., Mena-Carrasco, M. A., Howell, S., Leon, D. C., Snider, J. R., Bandy, A. R., Collett, J. L., Benedict, K. B., de Szoeke, S. P., Hawkins, L. N., Allen, G., Crawford, I., Crosier, J., and Springston, S. R.: Evaluating WRF-Chem aerosol indirect effects in Southeast Pacific marine stratocumulus during VOCALS-REx, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 29723-29775, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-29723-2011, 2011 (pdf file).

Liu, Z., Q. Liu, H.-C. Lin, C. S. Schwartz, Y.-H. Lee, and T. Wang (2011), Three-dimensional variational assimilation of MODIS aerosol optical depth: Implementation and application to a dust storm over East Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D23206, doi:10.1029/2011JD016159 (pdf file).

Zhao, C., Liu, X., Ruby Leung, L., and Hagos, S.: Radiative impact of mineral dust on monsoon precipitation variability over West Africa, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1879-1893, doi:10.5194/acp-11-1879-2011, 2011 (pdf file).

Zhang, Y., X.-Y. Wen, and C. J. Jang (2010), Simulating chemistryeaerosoleclouderadiationeclimate feedbacks over the continental U.S. using the online-coupled Weather Research Forecasting Model with chemistry (WRF/Chem) (pdf file).

Zhao, C., Liu, X., Leung, L. R., Johnson, B., McFarlane, S. A., Gustafson Jr., W. I., Fast, J. D., and Easter, R.: The spatial distribution of mineral dust and its shortwave radiative forcing over North Africa: modeling sensitivities to dust emissions and aerosol size treatments, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 8821-8838, doi:10.5194/acp-10-8821-2010, 2010 (pdf file).

Chapman, E. G., Gustafson Jr., W. I., Easter, R. C., Barnard, J. C., Ghan, S. J., Pekour, M. S., and Fast, J. D. (2009), Coupling aerosol-cloud-radiative processes in the WRF-Chem model: Investigating the radiative impact of elevated point sources, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 945-964, doi:10.5194/acp-9-945-2009 (pdf file).

McKeen, S., et al. (2007), Evaluation of several PM2.5 forecast models using data collected during the ICARTT/NEAQS 2004 field study, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D10S20, doi:10.1029/2006JD007608 (pdf file).

Fast, J. D., W. I. Gustafson Jr., R. C. Easter, R. A. Zaveri, J. C. Barnard, E. G. Chapman, G. A. Grell, and S. E. Peckham (2006), Evolution of ozone, particulates, and aerosol direct radiative forcing in the vicinity of Houston using a fully coupled meteorology-chemistry-aerosol model, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D21305, doi:10.1029/2005JD006721 (pdf file).

McKeen, S., et al. (2005), Assessment of an ensemble of seven real-time ozone forecasts over eastern North America during the summer of 2004, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D21307, doi:10.1029/2005JD005858 (pdf file).

Grell, G. A., S. E. Peckham, R. Schmitz, S. A. McKeen, G. Frost, W. C. Skamarock, and B. Eder (2005), Fully coupled "online" chemistry within the WRF model, Atmos. Environ., 39, 6957. 6975 (pdf file).

Tropical Cyclone/Aerosol

Evan, A. T. (2012), Atlantic hurricane activity following two major volcanic eruptions, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D06101, doi:10.1029/2011JD016716 (pdf file).

Rosenfeld, D., et al. (2012), Aerosol effects on microstructure and intensity of tropical cyclones, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 93, 987-1001 doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00147.1 (pdf file).

Pan, W. Y., L. G. Wu, and C.-L. Shie, 2011: Influence of the Saharan Air Layer on Atlantic tropical cyclone formation during the period 1.12 September 2003. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 28(1), 16.32, doi: 10.1007/s00376-010-9165-5 (pdf file).

Carrio, G. G. and Cotton, W. R.: Investigations of aerosol impacts on hurricanes: virtual seeding flights, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 2557-2567, doi:10.5194/acp-11-2557-2011, 2011 (pdf file).

Braun, Scott A., 2010: Reevaluating the Role of the Saharan Air Layer in Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis and Evolution. Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 2007.2037. doi: (pdf file).

Wong, S., A.E. Dessler, N.M. Mahowald, P. Yang, and Q. Feng, 2009: Maintenance of Lower Tropospheric Temperature Inversion in the Saharan Air Layer by Dust and Dry Anomaly. J. Climate, 22, 5149-5162 (pdf file).

Zipser, E.J., et al., (2009), The Saharan Air Layer and the Fate of African Easterly Waves.NASA's AMMA Field Study of Tropical Cyclogenesis. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, 1137.1156 (pdf file).

Shu, S., and L. Wu (2009), Analysis of the influence of Saharan air layer on tropical cyclone intensity using AIRS/Aqua data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L09809, doi:10.1029/2009GL037634 (pdf file).

Twohy, C. H., et al. (2009), Saharan dust particles nucleate droplets in eastern Atlantic clouds, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L01807, doi:10.1029/2008GL035846 (pdf file).

Zhang, H., G. M. McFarquhar, W. R. Cotton, and Y. Deng (2009), Direct and indirect impacts of Saharan dust acting as cloud condensation nuclei on tropical cyclone eyewall development, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L06802, doi:10.1029/2009GL037276 (pdf file).

Wong, S., A. E. Dessler, N. M. Mahowald, P. R. Colarco, and A. da Silva (2008), Long-term variability in Saharan dust transport and its link to North Atlantic sea surface temperature, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L07812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032297(pdf file).

Foltz, G. R., and M. J. McPhaden (2008), Trends in Saharan dust and tropical Atlantic climate during 1980, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20706, doi:10.1029/2008GL035042(pdf file).

Sun, D., K. M. Lau, and M. Kafatos (2008), Contrasting the 2007 and 2005 hurricane seasons: Evidence of possible impacts of Saharan dry air and dust on tropical cyclone activity in the Atlantic basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L15405, doi:10.1029/2008GL034529 (pdf file).

Jenkins, G. S., A. S. Pratt, and A. Heymsfield (2008), Possible linkages between Saharan dust and tropical cyclone rain band invigoration in the eastern Atlantic during NAMMA-06, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L08815, doi:10.1029/2008GL034072 (pdf file).

Zhang, H., G. M. McFarquhar, S. M. Saleeby, and W. R. Cotton, (2007), Impacts of Saharan dust as CCN on the evolution of an idealized tropical cyclone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L14812, doi:10.1029/2007GL030225 (pdf file).

Lau, W. K. M. and K.-M. Kim (2007), How nature foiled the 2006 hurricane forecasts, Eos Trans. AGU, 88(9), 105, doi:10.1029/2007EO090002 (pdf file).

Evan, A.T. (2007), Comment on "How nature foiled the 2006 hurricane forecasts" by K. M. Lau and K. M. Kim, Eos Trans AGU, 88 (26), 271 doi:10.1029/2007EO260010 (pdf file).

Lau, W. K. M. and K.-M. Kim (2007), Reply to Comment on "How nature foiled the 2006 hurricane forecasts", Eos Trans AGU, 88 (26), 271 doi:10.1029/2007EO260010 (pdf file).

Lau, K. M., and K. M. Kim (2007), Cooling of the Atlantic by Saharan dust, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L23811, doi:10.1029/2007GL031538(pdf file).

Wu, L. (2007), Impact of Saharan air layer on hurricane peak intensity, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L09802, doi:10.1029/2007GL029564 (pdf file).

Evan, A. T., J. Dunion, J. A. Foley, A. K. Heidinger, and C. S. Velden (2006), New evidence for a relationship between Atlantic tropical cyclone activity and African dust outbreaks, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19813, doi:10.1029/2006GL026408 (pdf file).

Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. J. Qu, and X. Hao (2006), Simulating the formation of Hurricane Isabel (2003) with AIRS data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L04804, doi:10.1029/2005GL024665 (pdf file).

Field, P. R., et al. (2006), Some ice nucleation characteristics of Asian and Saharan desert dust, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 1509-1537 (pdf file).

Dunion, J.P., and C.S. Velden, 2004: The Impact of the Saharan Air Layer on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85, 353-365 (pdf file).

Moulin, C., and I. Chiapello (2004), Evidence of the control of summer atmospheric transport of African dust over the Atlantic by Sahel sources from TOMS satellites (1979.2000), Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L02107, doi:10.1029/2003GL018931 (pdf file).

Global Energy Budget Papers/Climatology

Trenberth, Kevin E., John T. Fasullo, Jeffrey Kiehl, 2009: Earth's Global Energy Budget. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, 311.323, doi: (pdf file).

Loeb, Norman G., Bruce A. Wielicki, David R. Doelling, G. Louis Smith, Dennis F. Keyes, Seiji Kato, Natividad Manalo-Smith, Takmeng Wong, 2009: Toward Optimal Closure of the Earth's Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Budget. J. Climate, 22, 748.766. doi: (pdf file).

Kiehl, J. T., Kevin E. Trenberth, 1997: Earth's annual global mean energy budget. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78, 197.208. doi:<0197:EAGMEB>2.0.CO;2 (pdf file).

MODIS aerosol/Technical papers

Cheng, T., et al. (2012), The inter-comparison of MODIS, MISR, and GOCART aerosol products against AERONET data over China, J. Quan. Spect. and Rad. Transfer, 113, 16, 2135-2145, (pdf file).

Ginoux, P., D. Garbuzov, and N. C. Hsu (2010), Identification of anthropogenic and natural dust sources using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Deep Blue level 2 data, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D05204, doi:10.1029/2009JD012398 (pdf file).

Zhang, P., et al. (2006), Identification and physical retrieval of dust storm using three MODIS thermal IR channels, Global and Planetary Change, 52, 197-206, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2006.02.014 (pdf file).

Remer, L. A., and Coauthors, 2005: The modis aerosol algorithm, products, and validation. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 947.973, doi: (pdf file).

Jin, Y., C. B. Schaaf, C. E. Woodstock, F. Gao, X. Li, A. H. Strahler, W. Lucht, and S. Liang, Consistency of MODIS surface bidirectional reflectance distribution function and albedo retrievals: 2. Validation, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D5), 4159, doi:10.1029/2002JD002804, 2003 (pdf file).

Giglio, L., et al. (2003), An Enhanced Contextual Fire Detection Algorithm for MODIS, Rem. Sens. of Env., 87, 273-282, doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00184-6 (pdf file).

Schaaf, C. B., et al (2002), First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS, Remote Sensing of Environment, 83, 135-148 (pdf file).

Chu, D. A., Y. J. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanréand B. N. Holben (2002), Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(12), 8007, doi:10.1029/2001GL013205 (pdf file).

Kaufman, Y. J., D. TanréL. A. Remer, E. F. Vermote, A. Chu, and B. N. Holben (1997), Operational remote sensing of tropospheric aerosol over land from EOS moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer, J. Geophys. Res., 102(D14), 17,051.17,067, doi:10.1029/96JD03988 (pdf file).

UV aerosol papers (e.g. TOMS aerosol papers)

Prospero, J. M., P. Ginoux, O. Torres, S. E. Nicholson, and T. E. Gill (2002), Environmental characterization of global sources of atmospheric soil dust identified with the NIMBUS 7 Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) absorbing aerosol product, Rev. Geophys., 40(1), 1002, doi:10.1029/2000RG000095 (pdf file).

Torres, O., P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, Z. Ahmad, and J. Gleason (1998), Derivation of aerosol properties from satellite measurements of backscattered ultraviolet radiation: Theoretical basis, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D14), 17,099.17,110, doi:10.1029/98JD00900 (pdf file).

Properties and Dynamics of Aerosols

Peyridieu, S., Chén, A., Capelle, V., Tsamalis, C., Pierangelo, C., Armante, R., Crevoisier, C., Créau, L., Simé, M., Ducos, F., and Scott, N. A.: Characterization of dust aerosols in the infrared from IASI and comparison with PARASOL, MODIS, MISR, CALIOP, and AERONET observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 23093-23133, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-23093-2012, 2012 (pdf file).

Wu, Z. J., et al. (2009), Dust events in Beijing, China (2004-2006): comparison of ground-based measurements with columnar integrated observations, 9, 6915-6932 (pdf file).

Chudnovsky, A., E. Ben-Dor, A. B. Kostinski, and I. Koren (2009), Mineral content analysis of atmospheric dust using hyperspectral information from space, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L15811, doi:10.1029/2009GL037922 (pdf file).

Cuesta, Juan, John H. Marsham, Douglas J. Parker, and Cyrille Flamant (2009), Dynamical mechanisms controlling the vertical redistribution of dust and the thermodynamic structure of the West Saharan atmospheric boundary layer during summer, ASL, 10(1), 34 (pdf file).

Schepanski, K., I. Tegen, M. C. Todd, B. Heinold, G. Bo¨nisch, B. Laurent,and A. Macke (2009), Meteorological processes forcing Saharan dust emission inferred from MSG-SEVIRI observations of subdaily dust source activation and numerical models, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D10201, doi:10.1029/2008JD010325 (pdf file).

WEINZIERL, BERNADETT, ANDREAS PETZOLD, MICHAEL ESSELBORN, MARTIN WIRTH, KATHARINA RASP, KONRAD KANDLER, LOTHAR SCHÃ, PETER KOEPKE, and MARKUS FIEBIG (2009), Airborne measurements of dust layer properties, particle size distribution and mixing state of Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006, Tellus Ser B, 61(1), 96 (pdf file).

Chou, C., P. Formenti, M. Maille, P. Ausset, G. Helas, M. Harrison, and S. Osborne (2008), Size distribution, shape, and composition of mineral dust aerosols collected during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Special Observation Period 0: Dust and Biomass-Burning Experiment field campaign in Niger, January 2006, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C10, doi:10.1029/2008JD009897 (pdf file).

Haywood, J. M., et al. (2008), Overview of the Dust and Biomass-burning Experiment and African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Special Observing Period-0, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C17, doi:10.1029/2008JD010077 (pdf file).

Reid, J. S., et al. (2008), An overview of UAE2 flight operations: Observations of summertime atmospheric thermodynamic and aerosol profiles of the southern Arabian Gulf, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D14213, doi:10.1029/2007JD009435 (pdf file).

Engelstaedter, S., and R. Washington (2007), Atmospheric controls on the annual cycle of North African dust, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D03103, doi:10.1029/2006JD007195 (pdf file).

Washington, R., M. C. Todd, S. Engelstaedter, S. Mbainayel, and F. Mitchell (2006), Dust and the low-level circulation over the Bodé Depression, Chad:Observations from BoDEx 2005, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D03201, doi:10.1029/2005JD006502 (pdf file).

Washington, R., and M. C. Todd (2005), Atmospheric controls on mineral dust emission from the Bodé Depression, Chad: The role of the low level jet, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L17701, doi:10.1029/2005GL023597 (pdf file).

Sokolik, I. N. (2002), The spectral radiative signature of wind-blown mineral dust: Implications for remote sensing in the thermal IR region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(24), 2154, doi:10.1029/2002GL015910 (pdf file).

Sokolik, I. N., and O. B. Toon (1999), Incorporation of mineralogical composition into models of the radiative properties of mineral aerosol from UV to IR wavelengths, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D8), 9423-9444 (pdf file).

General Tropical Cyclone papers

Rayner, N. A., D. E. Parker, E. B. Horton, C. K. Folland, L. V. Alexander, D. P. Rowell, E. C. Kent, and A. Kaplan (2003), Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D14), 4407, doi:10.1029/2002JD002670 (pdf file).

Landsea, C. W., et al. (1999), Atlantic Basin Hurricanes: Indices of Climatic Changes, Climatic Change, 42, 89-129 (pdf file).

Landsea, C.W., and W.M. Gray, 1992: The Strong Association between Western Sahelian Monsoon Rainfall and Intense Atlantic Hurricanes. J. Climate, 5, 435-453 (pdf file).

Tropical Cloud Papers

Tompkins, A.M., 2001: Organization of Tropical Convection in Low Vertical Wind Shears: The Role of Water Vapor. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 529-545 (pdf file).

Yoneyama, K., and D.B. Parsons, 1999: A Proposed Mechanism for the Intrusion of Dry Air into the Tropical Western Pacific Region. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 1524-1546 (pdf file).

Zhang, C., and M.D. Chou, 1999: Variability of Water Vapor, Infrared Radiative Cooling, and Atmospheric Instability for Deep Convection in the Equatorial Western Pacific. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 711-723 (pdf file).

Mapes, B.E., and P. Zuidema, 1996: Radiative-Dynamical Consequences of Dry Tongues in the Tropical Troposphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 620-638 (pdf file).