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Publications

Publications in Refereed Literature
(student and post-doctoral co-authors are highlighted with an asterisk, *)
2014
57. Thompson*, K. B., M. G. Bateman, and L. D. Carey, 2014: A comparison of two ground-based lightning detection networks against the satellite-based Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS). Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, in revision.

56. Saari, M. D. W., R. M. Lawton, C. J. Schultz*, and L. D. Carey, 2014: Dual-polarization tornadic debris signature preceding the 20 May 2013 Newcastle/Moore, Oklahoma tornado. Journal of Operational Meteorology, in revision.

55. Stano, G. T., C. J. Schultz*, L. D. Carey, D. R. MacGorman, and K. M. Calhoun, 2014: Total lightning observations and tools for the 20 May 2013 Moore, Oklahoma Supercell. Journal of Operational Meteorology, in revision.

54. Williams, C. R., V. N. Bringi, L. Carey, P. Gatlin, Z. S. Haddad, S. J. Munchak, W. A. Petersen, R. Meneghini, S. W. Nesbitt, S. Tanelli, A. Tokay, A. Wilson, and D. B. Wolff, 2014: Adaptive raindrop size distribution constraint for probabilistic rainfall retrieval algorithms. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, in press.

53. Coleman, T. A., T. A. Murphy, Knupp, K. R., L. D. Carey and M. E. Anderson, 2014: Extensive observations of the transition region of a winter storm. Journal of Operational Meteorology, in press.

52. Knupp, K, T. Murphy, T. Coleman, R. Wade, S. Mullins, C. Schultz*, E. Schultz*, L. Carey, E. McCaul, Jr., B. Carcione, S. Latimer, A. Kula, K. Laws, P. Marsh, and K. Klockow, and A. Sherrer, 2014: Meteorological overview of the devastating 27 April 2011 tornado outbreak. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, in press.

2013
51. Goodman, S. J., R. J. Blakeslee, W. J., Koshak, D. Mach, J. C. Bailey, D. E. Buechler, L. Carey, C. J. Schultz*, M. Bateman, E. McCaul Jr., and G. Stano, 2013: The GOES-R Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM), Atmospheric Research, 125-126, 34-49.

50. Mecikalski, J. R., X. Li, L. D. Carey, E. W. McCaul, Jr., and T. Coleman, 2013: Regional comparison of GOES cloud-top properties and radar characteristics in advance of first-flash lightning initiation. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 55-74.

2012
49. Schultz*, C. J., S. E. Nelson, L. D. Carey, L. Belanger, C. B. Darden, B. C. Carcione, , T. Johnstone, A. L. Molthan, G. J. Jedlovec, E. V. Schultz*, C. C. Crowe, and K. R. Knupp, 2012: Dual polarization tornadic debris signatures Part II: Comparisons and caveats. Electronic Journal of Operational Meteorology, 13 (10), 138-150.

48. Schultz*, C. J., L. D. Carey, E. V. Schultz*, B. C. Carcione, C. B. Darden, C. C. Crowe, P. N. Gatlin, D. J. Nadler, W. A. Petersen, and K. R. Knupp, 2012: Dual polarization tornadic debris signatures Part I: Examples and utility in an operational setting. Electronic Journal of Operational Meteorology, 13 (9), 120 - 137.

47. Woodard*, C. J., L. D. Carey, W. A. Petersen, and W. P. Roeder, 2012: Operational utility of dual-polarization variables in lightning initiation forecasting. Electronic Journal of Operational Meteorology, 13 (6), 79-102.

46. Crowe, C. C., C. J. Schultz*, M. Kumjian, L. D. Carey, and W. A. Petersen, 2012: Use of dual-polarization signatures in diagnosing tornado potential. Electronic Journal of Operational Meteorology, 13 (5), 57-78.

45. Thurai, M., V. N. Bringi, L. D. Carey, P. Gatlin, E. Schultz* and W. A. Petersen, 2012: Estimating the accuracy of polarimetric radar-based retrievals of drop size distribution parameters and rain rate: An application of error variance separation using radar-derived spatial correlations. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13, 1066-1079.

2011
44. Schultz*, C. J., W. A. Petersen, and L. D. Carey, 2011: Lightning and severe weather: A comparison between total and cloud-to-ground lightning trends. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 744-755.

43. Anderson*, M. E., L. D. Carey, W. A. Petersen, and K. R. Knupp, 2011: C-band dual-polarimetric radar signatures of hail. Electronic Journal of Operational Meteorology, 2011-EJ2.

42. Mosier*, R. M., C. Schumacher, R. E. Orville, and L. D. Carey, 2011: Radar nowcasting of cloud-to-ground lightning over Houston, Texas. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 19–212.

41. Marks, D. A., D. B. Wolff, L. D. Carey, and A. Tokay, 2011: Quality control and calibration of the dual-polarization radar at Kwajalein, RMI. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 181–196.
2010
39. Crowe*, C. C., W. A. Petersen, L. D. Carey, and D. J. Cecil, 2010: A dual-polarization investigation of tornado-warned cells associated with Hurricane Rita (2005). Electronic Journal of Operational Meteorology, 2010-EJ4.

38. Gauthier, M. L., W. A. Petersen, and L. D. Carey, 2010: Cell mergers and their impact on cloud-to-ground lightning over the Houston area. Atmospheric Research, 96, 626-632.
2009
37. Schultz*, C. J., W. A. Petersen, and L. D. Carey, 2009: Preliminary development and evaluation of lightning jump algorithms for the real-time detection of severe weather. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48, 2543-2563.
36. Smith, A. J.*, V. E. Larson, , J. Niu, , J. A. Kankiewicz, and L. D. Carey, 2009: Processes that generate and deplete liquid water and snow in midlevel, mixed-phase clouds. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D12203, doi:10.1029/2008JD011531.
35. McKinney*, C. M., L. D. Carey, and G. R. Patrick, 2009: Total lightning observations of supercells over North Central Texas. Electronic Journal of Severe Storms Meteorology, 4 (2), 1–25.
34. Lang, T. J., S. W. Nesbitt, and L. D. Carey, 2009: On the correction of partial beam blockage in polarimetric radar data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 26, 943–957.
2008
33. Carey, L. D., J. Niu*, P. Yang, J. Adam Kankiewicz, V. E. Larson, and T. H. Vonder Haar, 2008: The vertical profile of liquid and ice water content in mid-latitude mixed-phase altocumulus clouds. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47, 2487-2495.
32. Rickenbach, T., P. Kucera, M. Gentry*, L. Carey, A. Lare, R.-F. Lin, B. Demoz, and D. O’C. Starr, 2008: The relationship between anvil clouds and convective cells: A case study in South Florida during CRYSTAL-FACE. Monthly Weather Review, 136, 3917-3932.
31. MacGorman, D. R., W. D. Rust, T. J. Schuur, M. I. Biggerstaff, J. M. Straka, C. L. Ziegler, E. R. Mansell, E. C. Bruning, K. M. Kuhlman, N. R. Lund, N. S. Biermann, C. Payne, L. D. Carey, P. R. Krehbiel, W. Rison, K. B. Eack, and W. H. Beasley, 2008: TELEX: The Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89, 997-1013.
30. Hodapp*, C. L., L. D. Carey, and R. E. Orville, 2008: Evolution of radar reflectivity and total lightning structure of the 21 April 2006 mesoscale convective system over Texas. Atmospheric Research, 89, 113-137, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.01.007.
29. Niu*, J., L. D. Carey, P. Yang, and T. H. Vonder Haar, 2008: Optical properties of a vertically inhomogeneous midlatitude mid-level mixed-phase altocumulus in the infrared region. Atmospheric Research, 88, 234-232, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2007.11.020.
28. Ely*, B. L., R. E. Orville, L. D. Carey, and C. L. Hodapp*, 2008: Evolution of the total lightning structure in a leading-line, trailing-stratiform mesoscale convective system over Houston, Texas. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D08114, doi:10.1029/2007JD008445. 3
2007
27. Steiger*, S. M., R. E. Orville, and L. D. Carey, 2007: Total lightning signatures of thunderstorm intensity, Part I: Supercells. Monthly Weather Review, 135, 3281-3302.
26. Steiger*, S. M., R. E. Orville, and L. D. Carey, 2007: Total lightning signatures of thunderstorm intensity, Part II: Mesoscale Convective Systems. Monthly Weather Review, 135, 3303-3324.
25. Carey, L. D., and K. M. Buffalo*, 2007: Environmental control of cloud-to-ground lightning polarity in severe storms. Monthly Weather Review, 135, 1327-1353.
24. Wang, J-J, X. Li, and L. D. Carey, 2007: Evolution, structure, cloud microphysical and surface rainfall processes of monsoon convection during the South China Sea Monsoon Experiment. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 64, 360-380.
2006
23. Gauthier*, M. L, W. A. Petersen, L. D. Carey, and H. J. Christian, Jr., 2006: The Relationship Between Cloud-to-Ground Lightning and Precipitation Ice Mass: A Radar Study over Houston. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L20803, doi:10.1029/2006GL027244.
2005
22. Wang, J. J. and L. D. Carey, 2005: The development and structure of an oceanic squall line system during the South China Sea Monsoon Experiment. Monthly Weather Review, 133, 1544-1561.
21. Dotzek, N. R. M. Rabin, L. D. Carey, D. R. MacGorman, T. L. McCormick*, N. W. Demetriades, M. J. Murphy, and R. L. Holle, 2005: Lightning activity related to satellite and radar observations of the mesoscale convective system over Texas on 7 April 2002. Atmospheric Research, 76, 127-166.
20. Biggerstaff, M. L., L. J. Wicker, J. Guynes, C. Zeigler, J. M. Straka, E. Rasmussen, A. Doggett, L. D. Carey, and J. L. Schroeder, 2005: The Shared Mobile Atmospheric Research and Teaching (SMART) Radar: A collaboration to enhance research and teaching. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 86, 1263-1274.
19. Cifelli, R., N. Doesken, P. Kennedy, L. D. Carey, S. A. Rutledge, T. Depue, and C. Gimmestad, 2005: The community collaborative rain and hail study: Informal education for scientists and citizens. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 86, 1069-1077.
18. Gauthier*, M. L, W. A. Petersen, L. D. Carey, and R. E. Orville, 2005: Dissecting the anomaly. A closer look at the documented enhancement in summertime ground flash densities in and around the Houston area. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L10810, doi:10.1029/2005GL022725.
17. Carey, L. D., M. J. Murphy, T. L. McCormick*, N. W. S. Demetriades, 2005: Lightning location relative to storm structure in a leading-line, trailing-stratiform mesoscale convective system. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, D03105, doi:10.1029/2003JD00437.
2004
16. Cifelli, R., L. Carey, W. A. Petersen, S. A. Rutledge, 2004: An ensemble study of wet season convection in the south west Amazon: Kinematics and implications for diabatic heating. Journal of Climate, 17, 4692-4707.
15. Vincent*, B. R., L. D. Carey, D. Schneider, K. Keeter and R. Gonski, 2004: Using WSR-88D reflectivity for the prediction of cloud-to-ground lightning: A central North Carolina study. National Weather Digest, 27, 35-44.4
2003
14. Carey, L. D., and S. A. Rutledge, 2003: Characteristics of cloud-to-ground lightning in severe and non-severe storms over the central United States from 1989-98. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, NO. D15, 4483, doi:10.1029/2002JD002951.
13. Carey, L. D., W. A. Petersen, and S. A. Rutledge, 2003: Evolution of cloud-to-ground lightning and storm structure in the Spencer, SD supercell of 30 May 1998. Monthly Weather Review, 131, 1811-1831.
12. Carey, L. D., S. A. Rutledge and W. A. Petersen, 2003: The relationship between severe storm reports and cloud-to-ground lightning polarity in the contiguous United States from 1989-98. Monthly Weather Review, 131, 1211-1228.
2002
11. Cifelli, R., W. A. Petersen, L. D. Carey, and S. A. Rutledge, 2002: Radar observations of the kinematic, microphysical and precipitation characteristics of two MCSs in TRMM-LBA. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, NO. D20, 8077, doi:10.1029/2000JD000264.
2001
10. Keenan, T. D., L. D. Carey, D. S. Zrnic, and P. T. May, 2001: Sensitivity of 5-cm Wavelength Polarimetric Radar Variables to Raindrop Axial Ratio and Dropsize Distribution. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 40, 526 – 545.
2000
9. Carey, L. D., S. A. Rutledge, D. A. Ahijevych, and T. D. Keenan, 2000: Correcting Propagation Effects in C-band Polarimetric Radar Observations of Tropical Convection Using Differential Propagation Phase. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39, 1405-1433.
8. Carey, L. D., and S. A. Rutledge, 2000: On the Relationship Between Precipitation and Lightning in Tropical Island Convection: A C-band Polarimetric Radar Study. Monthly Weather Review, 128, 2687-2710.
7. Zrnic, D. S., T. D. Keenan, L. D. Carey, and P. T. May, 2000: Sensitivity Analysis of Polarimetric Variables at a 5-cm Wavelength in Rain. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39, 1514-1526.
6. Ahijevych, D. A., S. A. Rutledge, and L. D. Carey, 2000: Radar and Electrical Characteristics of Convection Observed During MCTEX. Australian Meteorological Magazine, 49, 165-180.
1999
5. Petersen, W. A., L. D. Carey, S. A. Rutledge, J. C. Knievel, N. J. Doesken, R. H. Johnson, T. B. McKee, T. Von der Haar, J. F. Weaver, 1999: Mesoscale and Radar Observations of the Fort Collins Flash Flood of 28 July 1997. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 80, 191-216.
4. May, P. T., T. D. Keenan, D. S. Zrnic, L. D. Carey, and S. A. Rutledge, 1999: Polarimetric Radar Measurements of Tropical Rain at C-band. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 38, 750-765.
1998
3. Carey, L. D., and S. A. Rutledge, 1998: Electrical and Multiparameter Radar Observations of a Severe Hailstorm. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 13,979-14,000.
2. Hubbert, J. H., V. N. Bringi, L. D. Carey, and S. Bolen, 1998: CSU-CHILL Polarimetric Radar Measurements from a Severe Hailstorm in Eastern Colorado. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 37, 749–775.
1996
1. Carey, L. D., and S. A. Rutledge, 1996: A Multiparameter Radar Case Study of the Microphysical and Kinematic Evolution of a Lightning Producing Storm. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 59, 33-64.